Janina's Monkute's-Marks early creations (1958-1962)
Though indirectly, her early paintings reflect the drama of World War II and emigration. Her paintings of 1958-1960 are dominated by dramatic tension and a sense of the unknown. The artist was encouraged to share her painful story by the popular Chicago group Art Brute. The group’s most successful members, Leon Golub and Seymour Rossofsky, were famous for depicting themes of war, aggression, violence, and estrangement. In this context, Janina Marks’ painting entitled Tunnel, featuring one of the underground street crossings in Chicago, becomes a metaphor of loneliness, limited opportunities, an uncertain future, and an attempt to break free.
In the early 1960’s, Janina Marks’ painting turns toward abstraction and decorativeness. The artist starts experimenting with collage and gesso priming. <…> The titles of this period’s paintings, such as It’s Hard to Find a Way, Night Shadows and Tired Football Player, impart a sense of melancholy. <...> The view is intentionally flat – the artist is portraying emotion, not a three-dimensional imitation of reality. The glittering mosaic-like multicoloured squares convey constantly changing surroundings and frames of mind.
Janina Monkute-Marks pop Art collection(1962-1966)
Janina Marks continues to compare the banal and the essential in her Pop series of 1962-1966. At the time, Pop Art was a contemporary phenomenon still searching for a developmental path. The famous Pop artists Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Robert Rauchenberg instituted the depiction and critique of consumer society as the main theme. They focused on advertisements, cartoons, commercially exploited national symbols, and TV reality and elevated them to the status of the artistically important subject. Like the Pop Art masters, Janina Marks used large formats, intense and bright colors (often, commercial paint), text, and collage.
Janinos Monkutės-Marks paintings collection of ethnographic Art.
The artist’s interest in Lithuanian folklore and her collection of ethnographic art have naturally led her to folk art as a source of universal wisdom. Janina Monkutė-Marks: „I began to explore my roots, Lithuanian folklore, folk songs, and folk art. My oil paintings based upon mythology are especially colorful and poster-like. I enjoyed using rich colors and interpreting playful themes. So much wealth can be found in folk mythology!“.
Many of these “folk art” paintings are reminiscent of the mandala, the visual symbol of the universe created by Hindus and Buddhists. As in traditional mandalas, the artist divides a circle into four parts. Instead of placing a square inside the circle, she frames the circle with the square. Deities, mythological beings, and ornamentations flank each of the circle’s four projections. Even the recognizable figures acquire the quality of an ornament because of the endless rhythm of circular repetition.
Numerous art critics have suggested that many of Janina Marks’ paintings and prints would make excellent designs for tapestries. The artist has also admitted an ever-present inclination to return to weaving, her favorite subject in Freiburg. Janina Monkutė-Marks: „I wanted to touch the textures of thread; ornament and color no longer satisfied me. The very process of weaving enchanted me. It is a very exacting and time-consuming task, but I felt it suited me well. I am happy to be able to express joy and pain and a part of myself in weaving. To me, weaving has become a language that I use to tell stories of the sea, land, sunrise, everyday life, and dreams“.
The motif of road and journey is one of the most significant in the art of Janina Marks. Journey is interpreted as a quest for the meaning of life and soul-searching in the tapestries Man and His World, Longing for Freedom, Going Home, and My Road.
Janina Marks' prints collection
“Some of the artist’s prints imitate the compositional scheme of traditional folk art (“My Road”, “Angel”), but much more significant is the influence on Janina Marks of one of her teachers, Viktoras Petravicius. Like Petravicius’ prints, which are considered classics of Lithuanian art, her linoleum block prints combine the rough shaping of individual forms geometric ornaments – are substantial and generalized, represented not only by a contour line but also by entire silhouette. The artist fully employs the deep contrast and intensity characteristic of linoleum block printing. Black and white spaces seem intertwined and equally important in Janina Marks’ prints on rice paper. This black-and-white rhythm takes over the story and creates the effect of an ornament in such prints as In “The Backwoods” and “Birds of Paradise”.
Some of Janina Marks’ most beautiful prints include symbols, which laconically suggest pre-Christian wisdom. These symbols unite floral anthropomorphic allusions, geometric abstractions, traditional ornaments and the artist’s original motifs into a mysterious magical world. Equally impressive are the large artist’s proofs, such as “Man and Woman” and “Jamaica Revisited”, produced from several blocks of linoleum. The large size reveals the outstanding compositional skills and sensitive printing technique (she often uses a simple table-spoon) of the artist. The artist’s proofs are hand-painted in watercolor. The combination of solid black lines and silhouettes together with bright, warm colors results in a stained glass like effect.”
Janina Monkute-Marks was born in Radviliškis, in Lithuania.
In Pagegiai, she completed Primary and Secondary School. She continued her studies in the High School, in Kėdainiai. In 1941 Janina Marks entered the drama studio in Kaunas Drama Theatre. While studying there she graduated from The Fifth High School in Kaunas.
In the autumn of 1944, because of the war, Janina relocated to Germany. From 1945 to 1947, she studied archaeology, art history and languages at Innsbruck University (Austria).
From 1947 to 1950, she attended École des Arts et Métiers in Freiburg (Germany). There she developed her skills in the visual arts. She studied textile arts with professor Antanas & Mrs. Anastazija Tamošaitis, painting – with Vytautas Kasiulis and Vytautas Kazimieras Jonynas, and graphics – with Viktoras Petravičius.
In 1950 Janina Marks immigrated to USA where she continued her artistic studies in Chicago. She studied and worked with artists, such as Don Baum, Claude Bentley, Harry Bouros, Harold Haydon and Viktoras Petravičius. She was closely associated with the Hyde Park Art Center and the B.I.G. Arts Center on Sanibel Island (Florida). Starting in 1972, Janina Marks organized the popular “Annual Members Exhibition” at the Hyde Park Art Center in Chicago. In 1974, Janina was one of the leaders of the Lithuanian Woman Artists Association in Chicago.
Her works have been exhibited in the Chicago Art Institute, The North Shore Art League (Winnetka, Illinois), Dunes Art Foundation (Michigan City, Indiana), Sun Times Gallery (Chicago, Illinois), and Old Water Tower Place (Chicago, Illinois) among others. She has had more than twenty one-person shows. Janina Marks continually took part in the exhibitions at Lithuanian Art Centers, such as the Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture, Čiurlionis Gallery, and Lithuanian Art Museum in Lemont.
As Danas Lapkus, renowned art critic, stated, “… in addition to her exhibitions in the museums and art galleries, Janina Marks also took part in various art fairs. Besides, she organized her own exhibitions in different schools and libraries. Such democratic approach reflects both artistic and life philosophy of Janina Marks – to share the beauty of art with everybody”.